LAND OF PARADISE
Tawang the beautiful land of Monpas is located in the western most corner of Arunachal Pradesh right on the international borders with Tibet and Bhutan. With sobriquets like “The Hidden Paradise” “Land of Dawn Lit Mountains”, this land evokes image of awesome mountain views, remote hamlets, quaint and sleepy villages, magical Gompas, rugged hills, snow- clad peaks, rushing streams, wispy mists, roaring waterfalls, tranquil lakes and lot more. In this land of Monyul, you have heavenly tryst with nature at its best and the heady mixture of history, religion and legends as your travel companions. Tawang derives its name from Ta-Horse, Wang-Chosen. As the legend goes the site of Tawang monastery was chosen by the horse of Mera Lama, who got the mandate to construct a monastery in the area, had been unable to decide a site to establish the monastery, was one day praying cave, seeking a divine guidance. When he came out after the prayers, he found his horse missing. A search located the horse standing quietly in a hilltop. Considering this as a sign from the God, he decided to construct the monastery at that very spot.
Tawang is famous for the majestic Tawang Monastery perched atop a ridge and surrounded by thick clod and perennial mist, the a Tawang monastery seems to be suspended from heaven in an equally ethereal space. About 400 years old the Monastery is the 2nd largest and oldest in Asia and can house more than 700 monks. It controls 17 Gompas and a few Nunneries of this reason. Mera Lama Lodre Gyatso founded the Tawang Monastery in 1681 in accordance to the wishes of 5th Dalai Lama, Nawang Lobsang Gyasto. The monastery was build with the help of volunteers from neighboring villages. Even today, the villagers are for the upkeep of the monastery. The monastery is also grandiloquently called Galden Namgyal Lhatse meaning celestial paradise and one look at the Monastery on a clear night will make one realize how true to its name it stand glowing like a phantasmagoria in the blue of the night.
The people of “Monpa” tribe who are like the place, beautiful and friendly, inhabit Tawang. The beauty of the place and the serenity of the religion they practice guide their demeanor. Descendents of Mongoloid race and originally immigrated from Tibet and Bhutan, the gelugpa are Buddhism preached by Tawang Monastery, the fountain head of faith and religion. Before embracing Buddhism they were the believers of bon faith characterized by spirit worship and animal sacrifice. Despite the hardships of existence in far-flung place of Tawang, the people enjoy life, are convivial warm and hospitable and with the bubbling urge to make the most of God’s Natural Bounty.
|Total population :||49,950|
|Density of Population:||15person/sq. Km|
|Percentage of Literacy:||60.61%|
|Sub – Division:||Tawang, Jang, Lumla|